1st Battalion Highland Light Infantry

August 26, 2012 at 11:52 am Leave a comment

Cap Badge of the Highland Light Infantry

Although Thomas’ personal service record was destroyed by German bombing in World War II,I did find quite a bit about his unit, the 1st Battalion Highland Light Infantry (1 HLI). I found good sources for the history of this battalion. Thomas enlisted in 1888 and died in 1917, so I narrowed my research to those years. The sources included:

  • A Google e-book, Regimental Records of the 1st HLI, 1777 to 1906
  • Royal Highland Fusiliers Website
  • The Long, Long Trail, the British Army in the Great War

Raised in 1777 as the 73rd Foot (71st Foot in 1786) and in 1787 as the 74th Highland Regiment (74th Foot in 1816). These two regiments became the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the Highland Light Infantry in 1881.

  • The battalion was stationed in England from 1881 to 1895, was in Malta from 1895 to 1898, and served in Crete as part of an international force during the rioting of  1898.
  • The battalion was heavily engaged in Crete and suffered many casualties. It returned to England in 1899.
  • In 1899, the Boer (Dutch) Republics in South Africa declared war on Great Britain and invaded Natal. Questions of colonial territories were complicated by the rich diamond and gold resources in South Africa.
  • The 1 HLI arrived in South Africa in November 1899. The battalion was directed to Ladysmith, which was under siege. It took part in the battles of Belmont (1899), Modder River (1899), Magersfonteim (1899), and several others.
  • After the Boer War, 1 HLI left South Africa for Egypt (1903-1904), Sudan (1904 to 1905), and India (1905 to 1914).
  • At the beginning of World War I,, 1 HLI arrived in France in December 1914 as part of th Indian Corps, serving in the 3rd Indian or Lahore Division. It was in action within days at Festubert. During 1915, 1 HLI was at Neuve Chappelle, St. Julian, and Ypres.
  • In November 1915, the bulk of the Indian Corps, including 1 HLI, was transferred to Mesopotamia to fight the Turks and remained there for the rest of the war. Actions included Tigris, Kut al Amara, Trabes, and Sharquat.

Entry filed under: Halls.

Questions About Thomas and the 1911 Scotland Census A New Beginning for Thomas and Sarah

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My Mom Ada

This blog traces the family history of my mom, Edith Porter Duffy. From the time I was a little girl, my mom would tell me stories about her family, who all called her Ada. I only wish I had asked her more questions while she was still here!

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